are there external graphics cards for laptops
are there external graphics cards for laptops

Ladies and gentlemen, let’s talk about a topic that has been puzzling many laptop users – the existence of external graphics cards for our beloved portable machines. With advancements in technology, laptops have become more powerful over the years, but there’s still a limit to how much they can handle when it comes to intense graphics-intensive applications or gaming. So, the burning question remains – are there external graphics cards available for laptops? Let’s dive into this fascinating realm, where we explore the possibilities of boosting our laptops’ graphics prowess and uncover the potential of taking our gaming experience to new heights.

What is an external graphics card?


An external graphics card, also known as an eGPU, is a device that allows you to connect a high-performance graphics card to a laptop. It is an external hardware unit that houses a dedicated graphics processing unit (GPU), which increases the graphical capabilities of your laptop. This enables you to run graphically demanding applications, such as video games or professional editing software, even on a laptop that may not have a powerful built-in GPU.

Benefits of using an external graphics card

Using an external graphics card with your laptop offers several benefits. Firstly, it allows you to overcome the limited upgrade options typically found in laptops. While desktop computers can easily be upgraded by swapping out components, laptops often have limited upgradeability. However, with an external graphics card, you can enhance the graphical capabilities of your laptop without having to invest in an entirely new machine.

Secondly, an external graphics card significantly enhances gaming performance on a laptop. Many laptops have integrated graphics processors that struggle to run the latest games smoothly. By connecting an eGPU, you can achieve higher frame rates, smoother gameplay, and better overall gaming experiences. This is especially beneficial for gamers who want to play graphics-intensive games on a portable device.

Finally, an external graphics card improves video editing capabilities. Video editing software relies heavily on graphics processing power, and laptops without dedicated GPUs may struggle to handle complex editing tasks. By connecting an eGPU, video editors can enjoy smoother playback, faster rendering times, and overall improved productivity.

Why would someone need an external graphics card for a laptop?

Limited upgrade options on laptops

Laptops are known for their portability and convenience, but they often lack the upgradability of desktop computers. Most laptops have soldered components, including the graphics card, which means they cannot be easily replaced or upgraded. This poses a challenge for individuals who want to improve their laptop’s graphical capabilities without purchasing a new device. However, with an external graphics card, you can bypass these limitations and enjoy the benefits of a powerful GPU on your laptop.

Enhanced gaming performance

Gaming on a laptop can be a frustrating experience, especially if your device does not have a dedicated graphics card. Integrated graphics processors, commonly found in laptops, are often not powerful enough to handle modern games at acceptable frame rates. This can result in laggy gameplay, reduced image quality, and an overall lackluster gaming experience. By connecting an external graphics card to your laptop, you can significantly enhance gaming performance and enjoy smoother, more immersive gameplay.

Improved video editing capabilities

Video editing is a demanding task that requires a significant amount of processing power. While some laptops are equipped with powerful CPUs, they may lack a dedicated GPU, which can severely limit video editing performance. By connecting an external graphics card, video editors can accelerate rendering times, achieve smoother playback, and handle complex visual effects more efficiently. This allows for a more seamless and productive video editing workflow, even on laptops that were not initially designed for such intensive tasks.

Types of external graphics cards

eGPU enclosures

eGPU enclosures are external chassis specifically designed to house a desktop graphics card and connect it to a laptop via a thunderbolt or USB-C connection. These enclosures provide both power and connectivity for the graphics card, allowing you to easily upgrade your laptop’s graphical capabilities. eGPU enclosures often come with additional features such as cooling systems, extra USB ports, and support for multiple displays. They offer a more flexible and future-proof solution for users who want to harness the power of desktop GPUs on their laptops.

Docking stations

Docking stations, sometimes referred to as docking hubs, are multi-functional devices that provide various connectivity options for laptops. Some docking stations also include a dedicated graphics card, allowing you to enhance your laptop’s graphical capabilities while providing additional connectivity for peripherals such as monitors, keyboards, and mice. Docking stations are a convenient solution for users who require both a graphics upgrade and enhanced connectivity options.

PCIe expansion cards

PCIe expansion cards are internal cards that can be installed directly into a laptop’s PCIe slot, thereby adding dedicated graphics capabilities. However, this method of utilizing an external graphics card is less common and typically limited to certain laptop models. It requires technical expertise and may void warranty, making it less accessible and suitable for most users.

Compatibility with laptops

Connection ports and interfaces

Before purchasing an external graphics card, it is important to consider the connection ports and interfaces available on your laptop. The most common connection option for eGPUs is Thunderbolt 3, as it offers high bandwidth and compatibility with a wide range of laptops. Some laptops may also have USB-C ports that support Thunderbolt 3, which can be used for eGPU connections. However, it is essential to verify whether your laptop has the necessary ports and if they are eGPU compatible.

Operating system compatibility

Another aspect to consider is the compatibility of external graphics cards with your laptop’s operating system. While most eGPU enclosures and graphics cards are compatible with both Windows and macOS, it is crucial to check for specific driver and software compatibility. Some eGPU manufacturers may prioritize certain operating systems over others, resulting in varied performance or limited functionality. Therefore, ensure that your laptop’s operating system is supported by the external graphics card you intend to purchase.

Power requirements

External graphics cards require power to operate efficiently. Most eGPU enclosures come with an included power supply that provides power to the graphics card and charges the laptop simultaneously. However, it is essential to ensure that the power requirements of the eGPU enclosure are compatible with your laptop’s power adapter. Insufficient power supply can lead to performance issues and potential hardware damage. Be sure to verify the power requirements and compatibility before purchasing an external graphics card for your laptop.

Factors to consider before buying an external graphics card


The price of external graphics cards can vary greatly depending on the brand, model, and included components. High-end eGPU enclosures can be quite expensive, especially when combined with a powerful graphics card. It is important to establish a budget and consider the long-term value and performance gains an external graphics card will provide. Additionally, ensure that the cost of the eGPU enclosure, any necessary adapters, and the graphics card itself fit within your budget.


One of the primary reasons for purchasing an external graphics card is to improve your device’s graphical capabilities. When considering performance, it is crucial to assess the specifications of both the eGPU enclosure and the graphics card. The GPU’s architecture, VRAM size, and clock speeds will all impact performance. It is recommended to research benchmarks and reviews to determine the performance gains you can expect from a particular external graphics card setup.


Portability is a key consideration for many laptop users. If you frequently travel or require a portable setup, it is important to choose an external graphics card solution that is lightweight and compact. Some eGPU enclosures are designed with portability in mind, featuring smaller form factors and built-in handles. Additionally, consider the ease of setup and disassembly, as well as the overall compatibility with your laptop’s design and dimensions.

How to set up an external graphics card for a laptop?

Step 1: Check the compatibility

Before purchasing an external graphics card, it is essential to verify that your laptop supports an eGPU connection. Check your laptop’s user manual or manufacturer’s website for information on eGPU compatibility. Look for available connection ports, such as Thunderbolt 3 or USB-C, and ensure that your laptop’s operating system is compatible.

Step 2: Connect the eGPU hardware

Once you have a compatible laptop and an external graphics card enclosure, it’s time to connect the hardware. Connect the eGPU enclosure to your laptop using the appropriate cable, typically Thunderbolt 3 or USB-C. Ensure that all connections are secure and that the eGPU is receiving power.

Step 3: Install the necessary software and drivers

To utilize the external graphics card, you will need to install the appropriate software and drivers. These can typically be downloaded from the eGPU manufacturer’s website or provided with the eGPU enclosure. Follow the installation instructions carefully, and restart your laptop if prompted. Once the software and drivers are installed, your laptop should detect and utilize the external graphics card automatically.

Benefits of using an external graphics card for laptops

Flexibility and portability

One of the significant advantages of using an external graphics card with a laptop is the flexibility it provides. You can easily add or remove the eGPU enclosure as needed, allowing you to switch between a portable setup and a more powerful gaming or editing station. This flexibility is especially beneficial for individuals who travel frequently or require a versatile setup for different purposes.

Upgradable graphics performance

With the rapid advancements in graphics card technology, having the option to upgrade your laptop’s graphics performance is invaluable. Instead of being limited by the graphical capabilities of your laptop at the time of purchase, an external graphics card allows you to easily swap out the graphics card for a more powerful model as needed. This future-proofing capability ensures that your laptop can keep up with the latest graphically demanding applications.

Better gaming experience

Gaming on a laptop can often be disappointing due to lower frame rates, graphic quality, and overall performance. However, with an external graphics card, you can enjoy a significantly better gaming experience. High frame rates, smoother gameplay, and improved visual effects are just a few of the benefits that an eGPU can provide. You can now play the latest games on your laptop without sacrificing graphical quality or performance.

Drawbacks of using an external graphics card for laptops


One of the main drawbacks of using an external graphics card for laptops is the cost. External graphics cards can be expensive, especially when combined with a high-quality GPU. Additionally, you may need to purchase additional adapters, cables, and accessories, further increasing the overall cost. It is important to consider your budget and evaluate whether the investment in an external graphics card is worth the performance gains it provides.

Additional setup and configuration

Setting up an external graphics card for a laptop requires some technical knowledge and additional setup. You will need to connect cables, install drivers and software, and potentially adjust settings to ensure optimal performance. For individuals who are not familiar with computer hardware and software, this can be a daunting task. It is essential to research and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to avoid any complications during the setup process.

Limited upgrade options

While external graphics cards offer a significant upgrade to a laptop’s graphical capabilities, they still have limitations compared to desktop computers. Upgrading the graphics card in an eGPU enclosure is relatively straightforward. However, other components of a laptop, such as the CPU or RAM, cannot be easily upgraded. Therefore, while an external graphics card provides a boost in gaming or editing performance, it may not address other hardware constraints that may impact overall system performance.

Popular external graphics card options

Razer Core X

The Razer Core X is a highly regarded eGPU enclosure known for its compatibility and performance. It supports both Windows and macOS laptops and offers a Thunderbolt 3 connection for high-speed data transfer. The Core X features a large internal space that can accommodate a variety of graphics cards, including high-end models. With its sleek design and easy setup process, the Razer Core X is a popular choice among gamers and creative professionals.

ASUS XG Station Pro

The ASUS XG Station Pro is another popular eGPU enclosure that offers high compatibility and performance. It features a minimalist design, with a focus on aesthetics and portability. The XG Station Pro supports Thunderbolt 3 connectivity and provides ample space for large graphics cards. ASUS has also prioritized cooling in this enclosure, ensuring that the graphics card stays at optimal temperatures even during heavy loads.

Gigabyte Aorus Gaming Box

The Gigabyte Aorus Gaming Box is a compact eGPU enclosure that is favored for its portability and flexibility. It is equipped with a built-in graphics card, making it an all-in-one solution for users who want a simple setup process. The Aorus Gaming Box supports Thunderbolt 3 and offers additional features such as RGB lighting and USB ports. Despite its small form factor, the Gaming Box provides significant performance gains and is suitable for both gaming and professional applications.

FAQs about external graphics cards for laptops

Are they compatible with all laptops?

While external graphics cards are compatible with many laptops, not all laptops support eGPU connections. It is essential to check your laptop’s specifications and ensure it has the necessary connection ports, such as Thunderbolt 3 or USB-C. Additionally, compatibility may vary depending on your laptop’s operating system and the specific eGPU enclosure you choose. It is recommended to consult the manufacturer’s specifications or contact customer support for clarification.

Can they be used for professional applications?

Yes, external graphics cards can greatly benefit professional applications, such as video editing, 3D rendering, and CAD software. These applications often rely heavily on graphical processing power, and an eGPU can significantly improve performance and productivity. By connecting an external graphics card to your laptop, you can handle complex tasks more efficiently and achieve faster rendering times. However, it is important to ensure that the specific applications you use are compatible with external graphics cards and their drivers.

What is the average price range for external graphics cards?

The price of external graphics cards can vary greatly depending on several factors, including the brand, model, and included components. On average, eGPU enclosures alone can range from $200 to $500. However, when combined with a high-quality graphics card, the overall cost can increase significantly. It is recommended to research different options, compare prices, and consider your budget before making a purchase. Additionally, factor in any necessary adapters or accessories that may impact the overall cost.